Infection Control (ATI)

What is an advantage of using alcohol-based gel?
Its use takes less time than washing with soap and water does
After assisting a newly admitted patient in removing hoes and outerware, you notice what appears to be soil or grime on your hands. You?
Wash your hands with soap and water
What product can affect the permeability of gloves?
Petroleum-based hand lotion
To decontaminate your hands with an alcohol-based gel, you rub them together until all of the gel has evaporated and your hands are dry. The primary reason you do this is that
Drying provides the full antiseptic effect
After completing a procedure that required donning PPE consisting of a gown, an N95 respirator, a face shield, and gloves, which should the nurse remove first when removing PPE separately?
Gloves
Contact precautions would be mandated for a hospitalized adult patient diagnosed with
Infectious diarrhea
You are washing your hands with a nonantimicrobial soap and water prior to repositioning a patient in bed. During the hand washing procedure, it is important to
Continue for at least 15 seconds
A patient has a nosocomial infection. This terminology means that the patient
Acquired the infection while hospitalized
You are about to irrigate a patient’s open wound. Besides gloves, which other item of personal protective equipment (PPE) must you wear?
Face shield (protects face, mouth, nose and eyes from potential splashes of blood or other body fluids)
Standard precautions mandate
Disinfecting hands immediately after removing gloves
You are caring for a patient diagnosed with mycoplasmal pneumonia. Droplet precautions have been instituted, so you must
Protect your eyes
Are prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses an acceptable form of eye protection?
No. Neither eyeglasses nor contact lenses provide enough coverage to prevent infectious disease (splashes) via ocular exposure and transmission.
How long can fingernails be?
Nails should extend no more than ΒΌ inch past the nail bed. Special care should be taken to clean the underside thoroughly. Artificial nails should be avoided.
How far can a virus laden droplet travel and still be a potential source of infection?
It can travel up to 3 feet in any direction and still be infectious.
When without a handkerchief or tissue, is it appropriate to “sneeze into your sleeve”?
Oddly enough, yes, this reduces the transmission of airborne infection.
How long can the influenza virus survive outside a host?
At room temperature, with moderate humidity, these viruses can live 24 to 48 hours on steel and plastic, and 8 to 12 hours on cloth and facial tissues.
What is the average risk for a blood born pathogen/virus transmission after a needlestick injury?
Hepatitis B (HBV), 22% to 62%; hepatitis C (HCV), 1.8% to 7%; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 0.3% to 0.5%
Why is it no longer accepted practice to store items such as oral thermometers in a disinfectant solution?
Germs can contaminate the disinfectant and then contaminate the items being soaked in it. Always store items “dry.”